Projects abound in contemporary society. Projects are found in organizations, industries and inter-organizational settings with long traditions of project work, as well as in areas where more bureaucratic and seemingly permanent and routinized organizations used to dominate. While many scholarly writings have just echoed practical management problems, this volume broadens the approach to projects. First, the contributions made expand the scope from single projects to projects in their corporate and social contexts. Second, they relate projects to theoretical insights gained in the organizational science at large. Third, they display the multitude of empirical settings where projects are used today. The book offers insights into how projects contribute to and relate to long-term and wider developments in organizations, industries and society.